Hi! This is ABC English Levels and Valentine. Welcome to our new lesson about the place you live in! You can find more information about us on our website. The students who are interested in any official exams should try our new interactive courses from A1 to C1. They will provide you with all necessary topics, grammar and vocabulary, test your pronunciation and develop your listening, reading and writing skills. A native teacher will lead you throughout all lessons. And of course we will support you answering your questions via emails, in writing or audio forms, or podcasts. Don’t miss our free demo on our eLive English page!
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What you will learn
Today you’ll learn some useful vocabulary on the topic of the Place you live in, another very common theme at the exams, what questions you can expect from your examiner on this topic. Also, you’ll get a couple of tips on how to apply what you know well to answer the examiner’s questions, and how to use the prepositions on, in and by with transport.
Questions about Place you live in
The examiner can ask you:
- Where are you from?/Where do you come from? (The name of the place, village/town/city, the geographical situation, some characteristics)
- What do you like most about the place you live in? (Nature, people, cultural environment, etc.)
- What do young people do in their free time in your town/city? (Get together with friends, do sports, go clubbing, etc.)
- Would you like to live in a big city or small town/in the city centre or the suburbs? (Why?)
- If you could choose the place to live, where would it be? (Why?)
Any question of this topic can be connected with many other different issues, such as environment, leisure time, friendship and relationships, festivals and holidays, cultural events, family, etc. You choose the one you are good at to answer the examiner’s question. We’ll see how it works, but first, let’s brush up on some helpful vocabulary.
Useful vocabulary. Town and city
The place: a sprawling (growing over time and covering a large area)/bustling (full of busy activities)/modern metropolis, a mountain/picturesque/tiny village, coastal/seaside/provincial/ancient/industrial town.
Cultural and shopping features: chain stores, shopping malls/centres, upmarket (high class) shops, fashionable boutiques; open-air/puppet/drama theatres, multiplex cinemas (very large cinema building with a lot of separate cinemas inside), art/national galleries, exhibitions, popular tourist attractions, well-known/prominent landmarks, lively pavement cafes.
Conditions: modern – old/ancient area of a town/city, shabby (looking old and in bad condition) – spick and span (very clean and tidy, well looked after) part of a town/city.
Parts of a town/city: the historic part of a city/town, inner-city (the central part of a city where people live and where conditions are often poor), residential area, live/be situated in the suburbs/outskirts (on the edge of a town/city).
Architecture: poor housing, high-rise flats/multi-storey – single-storey apartments, multi-storey car parks, magnificent/baroque/medieval/Gothic/Catholic/Romanesque cathedrals, imposing/impressive – crumbling buildings.
Transport: well-developed public transport system, cheap – expensive/efficient public transport, the underground/the tube, go by bus/car/train, etc., go on the bus/the underground/foot, but go in a car/in a lorry, etc.
Saying generally, we go by any transport: by car, by bus, by plane, etc. When we want to specify the transport we use, we can add a pronoun (my/his/their, etc.) or an article (a/the). In this case, we say we go on (a bus) if we can stand up and walk inside the transport. If we only can be seated there, we go in (a car). Exception: go on foot.
Vocabulary in practice
Now let’s try to answer the examiner’s question using some of the words and phrases above.
Examiner: What do young people do in their free time in your town/city?
Here we can mention activities like getting together with friends, doing sports, going clubbing, etc. (Remember my first tip? So think what you are good at and use the words and phrases that you know best. Let’s say, you like architecture and know how to talk about it).
Well, I live in a small coastal town with many medieval castles and Catholic churches, lively pavement cafes and upmarket restaurant. So, young people can go out with friends or clubbing, they do water sports a lot. You know, basically, they do the common things that most young people do anywhere.
Now let’s see how you can apply the same topic (architecture) if you’re asked the first question: Where do you come from.
I come from a small coastal town with many medieval castles and Catholic churches, lively pavement cafes and upmarket restaurant in the historic centre which attracts many tourists. Most of the buildings there are single-storey unlike high-rise houses in the suburbs.
And similarly, you can adapt your answers to any question from this section. Hope you got it right).
This all for today. Thank you for listening, leave your likes on iTunes and comments below if you find the lesson useful. Hope to have you with me next lesson which will be the last relating to Speaking Part 1 of the FCE exam.
This was ABC English Levels and Valentine. Take care and good luck!